Media – Media is a communication channel or tool used to deliver information to the general public.
Example – Print Media and Electronic Media / Electronic Media – News Channels and Social Media.
Media Work – It is the duty of the media to publish information of public interest, to build public order, and to keep society in one thread.
The media, known as the fourth pillar of democracy, has to keep an eye on the Executive, Legislature, and Judiciary to ensure transparency in the democratic system.
Role of Media in Democracy
Positive Role of Media in Democracy
- Media spreads awareness about social, political, and economic events – Media works as a communication system between the people and the government. Information about new laws, foreign policy, economic package, and disputes are known to us only through the media.
- Informative medium – Media is an Informative bridge between the governing bodies and the General Public.
- Role of a Watchdog on various systems working for the nation – The media increases transparency in the system by keeping an eye on the legislature, executive and judiciary, hence the media is called the fourth pillar of democracy.
- Expose corruption – We have seen examples in past, such as the Harshad Mehta scam, which was exposed by the Times of India’s Journalist Sucheta Dalal.
- Debate and Discussions on various on govt policies – People get to know the arguments of both sides by the debate on the policies of the government, by this people can give their opinion for that policy by being fair.
- Highlights the issues of the common man, underprivileged, and expose any injustice – Media raises many problems of common people and pressures the government to solve the problems of common people. It also criticizes the wrong decision of the government.
Negative Role of Media in Democracy
- News can be biased – Some of the media outlets distort the news. They keep only one aspect of the coin in front of the people.
- Opinion polls and biased debates – The media conduct opinion polls and debates in which they select biased people, showing only one aspect of the coin.
- TRPs and Sensationalism – Media to exaggerate many issues to increase TRP.
For example – Media tried to sensationalize the airstrike by India on terrorist bases in Pakistan.
- Debate on irrelevant Topics – Some media outlets divert attention from the main issue by arguing on pointless issues.
- To be the voice of political groups and the corporate world instead of being the voice of the poor people.