Who was Lala Lajpat Rai?
Lala Lajpat Rai, a patriotic person who devoted his entire life to the independence of the country. Lala Lajpat Rai was a writer, lawyer politician, and freedom fighter. They are also called Punjab Kesari. He, along with Dayal Singh, founded Punjab National Bank, India’s second largest Public Sector bank, on 12 April 1894.
He was one of the prominent leaders of the Indian National Congress, he demanded complete Independence. So today we will learn about the biography of Lala Lajpat Rai, the work he has done, and his contribution.
Lala Lajpat Rai Biography
|Born – 28 January 1865|
|Place of Birth – Jagraon, Punjab, British India|
|Died – 17 November 1928 ( at the age of 63 )|
|Place of Death – Lahore, Punjab, British India|
|Father Name – Munshi Radha Krishan Agarwal|
|Mother Name – Gulab Devi Agarwal|
|Wife – Radha Devi Agarwal|
|Children – Amrit Rai Agarwal, Pyarelal Agarwal, and a daughter |
|Education – Government Higher Secondary School|
|Religion – Hinduism|
|Member – Indian National Congress, Arya Samaj|
|Movement – Indian Independence Movement, Swadeshi Movement|
|Political Ideology – Nationalism and Liberalism|
Lala Lajpat Rai Biography
Lala Lajpat Rai Birthday – 28 January 1865
Early Life of Lala Lajpat Rai
Lala Lajpat Rai was born on 28 January 1865 in Dhudike in a Punjabi Hindu family. His father’s name was Munshi Radha Kishan Aggarwal, an Urdu and Persian government teacher. His mother’s name was Gulab Devi Aggarwal, a religious woman.
5 years after his birth, in late 1870 his family shifted to Rewari, Where, Lala Lajpat Rai’s primary education was from the Government Higher Secondary School, where his father was posted as an Urdu teacher.
During the early life of Lala Lajpat Rai, his liberal views, moral values, and beliefs in Hinduism were shaped by his parents.
Lala Lajpat Rai’s father wanted his son to become a lawyer, becoming a lawyer at that time was a good career option. That is why in 1880, he took admission in a government college, which was in Lahore. Where they met future freedom fighter Lal Hans Raj and Pandit Guru Dutt.
Lala Lajpat Rai was greatly influenced by the Hindu reformist Swami Dayanand Saraswati while studying law in Lahore, so he joined the Arya Samaj and became the founder and editor of Arya Gazette.
In 1884, his father was transferred to Rohtak, Lala Lajpat Rai also finished his law studies and came with him to Rohtak. Two years later, Lala Lajpat Rai moved to Hisar in 1886 to practice law.
His Political Journey
Lala Lajpat Rai had a dream since childhood, that he should work for his country and he has pledged to liberate his country from outside forces.
Therefore, in 1886, Lala Lajpat Rai, along with some other people, established a branch of the Indian National Congress in Hisar District.
In 1888 and 1889, four delegates went to Allahabad from Hisar to attend the annual meeting of the Indian National Congress. Lala Lajpat Rai accompanied Babu Churamani, Lala Chhabil Das, and Seth Gauri Shankar to attend the Congress meeting.
In 1892, Lala Ji again came to Lahore to practice law before the Lahore High Court. He also practiced journalism to reach his point. He also wrote articles in many newspapers, including The Tribune.
In 1914, Lala Lajpat Rai left the practice of law and devoted himself to completely liberate the country from the British Rule. Lala Lajpat Rai also went to Britain in 1914.
In 1917, Lala Lajpat Rai went to the United States to gain international support. While living in the US, he founded the Indian Home Rule League in New York, a monthly magazine Young India and Hindustan Information Service Association.
He filed a 32-page petition in the Foreign Affairs Committee of America. In which he spoke of the atrocities of the British rule and the rights of the people, and he also sought moral support from them. This petition was also discussed in the Senate in October 1917. Lala Lajpat Rai remained in the USA from 1917 to 1919.
In 1919, Lala Lajpat Rai came back to India and became part of the special session of the Congress, in which there was talk of launching the non-cooperation movement.
In the Calcutta session in 1920, he was elected president of the Indian National Congress.
After the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, he led the Protest in Punjab against the brutal action of the British.
In 1920, Mahatma Gandhi launched the non-cooperation movement, this movement was led by Lala Lajpat Rai in Punjab. Lala Ji was imprisoned between 1921 and 1923.
Mahatma Gandhi withdrew the non-cooperation movement because of the Chaura-Chauri scandal. But Lala Lajpat Rai opposed this.
In November 1927, the Simon Commission was set up by the British conservative government to report on the working of the Indian Constitution established by the Government of India Act 1919.
There were 7 members in this commission, it was headed by Sir John Simon. There was no Indian representative in it. Hence the protest started across the country and many political parties including Indian National Congress protested.
On October 30, 1928, when the commission came to India, the protest started; Lala Lajpat Rai was leading the Protest, Simon Go Back slogans and black flags were hoisted. It was a peaceful protest.
During the Protest, Superintendent of Police, James A. Scott ordered the lathi charge. Lala Lajpat Rai was very injured, But he addressed the people and said: “I declare that the attack on me today will be the last nail in the coffin of British rule in India”.
Lala Lajpat Rai died on 17 November 1928 due to severe injuries. Seeing this Bhagat Singh was very angry and planned to kill James A Scott together with Rajguru, Sukhdev, and Chandrashekhar Azad. But he accidentally killed JP Saunders instead of James A Scott.
What did Lala Lajpat Rai do for India?
In 1886, Lala Lajpat Rai Helped Mahatma Gandhi to Open Dayanand Anglo-Vedic School in Lahore.
Lala Ji’s mother had tuberculosis, so Lala Lajpat Rai also opened a hospital for free treatment. He also opened many schools.
He founded the Punjab National Bank and also founded the Laxmi Insurance Company which merged with LIC in 1956.
His ideal for independence Movement
Lala Lajpat Rai was greatly influenced by the Italian revolutionary Giuseppe Mazzini. He, along with Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal, demanded complete Independence. Together these three leaders are known as Lal-Bal-Pal.
His Belief in Hinduism
Lala Lajpat Rai Ji believed that Hinduism is above nationalism. The practices of Hinduism lead to peace, we can create a peaceful secular nation.
He believed that the caste system and untouchability should be removed in Hindu society and people of lower castes have the right to read Vedas and mantras.
Lala Lajpat Rai Books
Young India ( 1916 ), Unhappy India ( 1928 ), England Debt to India ( 1917 ), Arya Samaj ( 1915 ), The Political Future of India ( 1919 ), An Open letter to the Right Honorable David Lloyd George ( 1917 ), The Problem of National Education of India ( 1920 ), The Message of the Bhagavad Gita ( 1908 ) and The United States of America: A Hindu Impression ( 1916 ).
The End of Lala Lajpat Rai Biography
Lala Lajpat Rairai Facts
Lala Lajpat Rai was the founder of Punjab National Bank and Laxmi Insurance Company.
Lala Lajpat Rai was one of the few leaders who demanded complete independence.
Bhagat Singh, Mahatma Gandhi, and many others were influenced by Lala Ji.
Lala Lajpat Rai Quotes
“Defeat and Failure are sometimes necessary steps to move towards victory”.
“I declare that the attack on me today will be the last nail in the coffin of British rule in India”.
“It is important to have discipline in Life, otherwise it can be a hindrance in the way of success”.