Aung San Suu Kyi Biography | Facts, Nobel Peace Prize Winner, and More.

Aung San Suu Kyi Biography

Who is Aung San Suu Kyi?

Aung San Suu Kyi is a Burmese Politician, writer, human rights activist, and democracy activist who had a long campaign for democracy in Myanmar, which is why he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991. She is also the President of the National League for Democracy Party (NLD) since 2011. She was also the State Counselor of Myanmar from 2016 to 2021 (which is equivalent to Prime Minister).

Aung San Suu Kyi Biography 

Born – 19, June 1945 ( In Yangon, Myanmar )
Age – 75 ( In Feb 2021 )
Parents – Aung San ( Father ), Khin Kyi ( Mother )
Brother – Aung San Oo and Aung San Lin
Husband – Michael Aris ( Died in 1999 )
Children’s – 2 
Education – University of Delhi ( BA ), University of Oxford ( BA, MA )
and SOAS University of London ( Master of Philosophy )
Citizenship – Burma
Occupation – Politician, Author, Human Rights Activist
and Democracy Activist
Political Party – National League for Democracy
Net Worth – Undisclosed
Religion – Buddhist 
Awards – Nobel Peace Prize, Jawaharlal Nehru Award,
Congressional Gold Medal, Sakharov Prize and Rafto Prize
Books – Freedom From Fear ( 1991 ), Letters From Burma ( 1991 )
and The Voice of Hope ( 2010 )
Aung San Suu Kyi Biography  

Aung San Suu Kyi Biography  

The early life of Aung San Suu Kyi

Aung San Suu Kyi was born on 19 June 1945 in Yangon British Burma. His father’s name was Aung San, who formed the modern Burmese Army and in 1947, he also negotiated with the United Kingdom for the independence of Burma. But he was assassinated in the same year by his rivals.

After the father died, Suu Kyi grew up with her mother, Khin Kyi, and two brothers, Aung San Oo and Aung San Lin in Yangon. His younger brother Aung San Lin died at the age of eight by drowning in the lake, and an older brother who migrated to California USA.

Suu Kyi spends his childhood in Burma, and his elementary education at Methodist English High School, where he found that he had the talent to learn languages. That is why today he is able to speak four languages, English, French, Japanese, and Burmese.

Suu Kyi’s mother, Khin Kyi, gained fame in the new Burmese government and was appointed ambassador for India and Nepal in 1960. Aung San Suu Kyi shifted to New Delhi, India with her mother.

Education

  • Suu Kyi graduated in politics from Lady Shri Ram College in Delhi in 1964.
  • Suu Kyi continued her education and received a BA degree in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics from St Hugh’s College Oxford in 1967, and an M.A. degree in politics in 1968. 
  • Between 1985 and 1987, She worked as a research student at SOAS University of London for the Master of Philosophy degree in Burmese Literature.

Marriage

  • After graduation, Suu Kyi lived in New York with his family friend Ma Then E. While living there, she worked for the United Nations for three years, in financial matters.
  • On 1 January 1972, Suu Kyi married Dr. Michael Aris, a scholar of Tibetan culture and literature. The following year Suu Kyi gave birth to his first son Alexander Aris in London and his second son Kim was born in 1977.

Political Career

In 1988, Suu Kyi returned to Burma to visit his ailing mother. At the same time, the military dictator abdicated his throne because there were large-scale demonstrations against military rule in Burma, which we know today as 8888 uprisings.

Suu Kyi was influenced by Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence, Suu Kyi entered politics. On 26 January 1988, she addressed millions of people. On 27 September 1988, she helped to establish the National League for Democracy Party.

Suu Kyi was placed under house arrest on 20 July 1989. The military regime proposed to leave the country before him, but Suu Kyi refused to leave the country.

1990 General Election

In 1990, the National League for Democracy Party received 59% votes, giving them 80% seats in the parliament but the military regime refused to transfer power.

Aung San Suu Kyi received Nobel Peace Prize

Suu Kyi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 for his non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights. As Aung San Suu Kyi was not there, her son Alexander Aris accepted the Nobel Peace Prize on his behalf.

House Arrest

Aung San Suu Kyi was placed under house arrest for 15 years ( 1989 – 2010 ). During this time he was kept on house arrest several times and released from house arrest several times.

Aung San Suu Kyi was released from house arrest on 13 November 2010 for the last time. 

Her Popularity

Aung San Suu Kyi received vocal support from the USA, Japan, Australia, Israel, South Korea, the Philippines, Europe, South America, and India. Due to international pressure, she was released from house arrest. On August 18, Barack Obama, President of the United States asked the country’s military leadership to free all political prisoners, including Aung San Suu Kyi.

In 1999, Time magazine named Aung San Suu Kyi the “Child of Gandhi”, and described him as Gandhi’s spiritual successor for walking on the path of non-violence.

On 25 April 2008, Aung San Suu Kyi was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal from the US House of Representatives by a unanimous (400-0 votes).

2010 General Election

After Suu Kyi’s release, his party boycotted the 2010 elections, resulting in the army-backed party Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) winning by an absolute majority.

2015 General Election

His political party ( National League for Democracy ) won an overwhelming majority in the 2015 election, taking 86% of seats in the Assembly of Union.

After the victory, Suu Kyi could not become President of Myanmar due to a law, Myanmar’s constitution states that a person who is married to a foreigner cannot sit on the President’s throne, this law was made only for Suu Kyi. So she assumed the role of State Counsellor of Myanmar, which is equivalent to a prime minister or ahead of government.

Controversy ( Criticism )

Aung San Suu Kyi and Rohingya Muslims Issue

Myanmar’s Rohingya Muslims are in minority, and the Myanmar army is massacring them, but Suu Kyi, a human rights activist, is silent on the issue of Rohingya Muslims. That is why they have to face criticism from all over the world.

2020 General Election ( Myanmar Military Coup )

Citing the elections in November 2020 as fake, the Myanmar army re-coup on 1 February 2021, and Suu Kyi was arrested.

The End of Aung San Suu Kyi Biography 

Aung San Suu Kyi Quotes

“You should never let your fears prevent you from doing what you know is right.”

Aung San Suu Kyi Quotes
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